The Making of a Failed State: Lessons from the “Humanitarian” Bombing Campaign in Libya

Libya once stood as the triumphant case study of Western intervention in the Middle East. In the immediate wake of the military victory, war advocates pointed to the ousting of Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi as proof that their war was a success. Intervention opponents were mocked as the New York Times declared that Libya should be seen as a model of success for other Arab revolutions. Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy and British Prime Minister David Cameron were applauded as benevolent visionaries for intervening on a “purely humanitarian basis” as they…

The Future of U.S.-Saudi Relations

Saudi Arabia’s leaders are scared — and that’s a problem for the United States. The kingdom is surrounded by instability. To the south, the Houthi rebellion, a local Shiite insurgency, is battling Sunni-led Saudi forces in Yemen. To the north, the Islamic State has targeted Saudi Arabia, calling for an attack on the Saudi royal family. To the east, Saudi troops put down what was seen as an Iranian attempt in 2011 at subversion in Bahrain. Further east, the Saudis are faced with their most feared rival, Shiite-ruled Iran. The Saudis…