The Possibility of Democracy in Fragmented Arab Societies

Two years ago, unified opposition against the Middle East’s authoritarian regimes characterized the Arab uprisings. All the slogans shared the underlying mantra, “We want change”—change of the regime, change of the economic status quo, change of the political oppression, and change of the fearful silence.

Two years later, however, unified opposition has transformed into internal fragmentation and polarization in each country, whether they have entered a period of transition—like Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya—or not. Syria’s uprisings have spiraled into civil war. Meanwhile, in Jordan and Morocco, tensions fester below the surface as some citizens are increasingly displeased with the cosmetic changes that their respective governments implemented to quell the 2011 protests. Egypt’s transition remains in the international eye while Tunisia, where the uprisings of the Arab world began in January 2011, has faded almost wholly from global public discourse. Despite their differing face time in the media, the Egyptian and Tunisian transitions are plagued with similar sectarian polarization that, for many Westerners, seemingly denote the failure of the so-called “Arab Spring” in instituting democracy throughout the Middle East. Yet, elections, constitution writing, and continued societal debate in Egypt and Tunisia underscore an evolving reality that was virtually impossible under Mubarak and Ben Ali. However, the internal sectarian polarization in both countries threatens their respective transitions to democracy insofar as it divides the nations that, only as unified fronts, were successful in overthrowing repressive dictators.

The sectarian divide has manifested differently in the last two years, being more apparent in Egypt than in Tunisia. Moderate, liberal, and secular Egyptians criticized the Muslim Brotherhood for its reluctance to join the 2011 uprisings, its alleged politicking with the widely unpopular Security Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), and its push to hold the country’s first post-Mubarak elections before rewriting its constitution. Meanwhile, Tunisians—whose country, before the uprisings of 2011, was considered one of the more liberal in the region—were hesitant to accept Ennahda’s rising leadership. Both Egyptians and Tunisians questioned the parties’ self-proclaimed modernized form of political Islam. Through passive political participation and social programs, however, the Muslim Brotherhood and Ennahda garnered the necessary support to win elections, successfully attaining control of their respective governments.

In an attempt to maintain their newly acquired power, especially after being politically oppressed for decades, both the Muslim Brotherhood and Ennahda have confirmed—and, to some extent, exacerbated—worries that premature elections would lead to another oppressive, overreaching government. The Muslim Brotherhood has demonstrated worrisome tendencies resembling those of SCAF and Mubarak. Most notable, President Morsi assumed SCAF’s unlimited, controversial authority in June 2012 and then, late last November, decreed essentially absolute power for the president. Although he rescinded the latter decree, Morsi has thus far failed to take moderate, liberal, and secular voices into account, particularly in regards to the constitution. Similarly, the Ennahda-controlled government and constitution-writing body have exhibited more conservative tendencies than those with which they campaigned during elections. The National Constituent Assembly, which was elected in 2011 to write the constitution, failed to include safeguards protecting fundamental freedoms (namely those of expression and conscience), women’s rights, and anti-discrimination. Instead, the constitution depended more heavily on shari’a than initially expected.

The Islamist framework of both parties has added a sectarian element to the national divisions, which are inherent in times of political change and transformation. Like Mubarak’s National Democratic Party and Ben Ali’s Rally for Constitutional Democracy, the Muslim Brotherhood and Ennahda have become the dominant parties struggling to maintain power while vying against moderate, liberal, and secular opponents for political legitimacy. Therefore, neither Islamist government has made substantial strides to rectify the failing economies, address the unemployment rates, or alleviate their respective country’s poverty—all of which were among the factors that fueled the 2011 Arab uprisings. These shortcomings have rendered a perceived failure of the “Arab Spring,” with Islamist and secular parties pointing the finger at each other.

The immediate secular polarization, however, does not hamper the possibility of long-term democracy in Egypt or Tunisia. In the short-term, any form of fragmentation—sectarian, political, economic, or social in nature—will surely prolong the transition from authoritarianism to democracy. The 2011 Arab uprisings created a new space for public debate and discourse in Egypt and Tunisia, thus enabling the rise of various opinions. The very existence of this outright, apparent fragmentation signifies a shift from the Mubarak and Ben Ali regimes, under which critics of the government were jailed, tortured, and/or killed—as is still occurring in Syria, Jordan, and Bahrain. In other words, this evident societal polarization highlights an increased public discourse once impossible in the Middle East. Rather, the true danger to democracy rests in the long-term continuation of such divisions, which will occur unless Islamists and secularists alike begin to work towards the changes once called for two years ago.

 

Anna Maria Shaker is our Middle Eastern Affairs Editor and a Middle Eastern Studies major, FCRH 2013. She may be contacted at ashaker@fordham.edu.

Related posts

78 Thoughts to “The Possibility of Democracy in Fragmented Arab Societies”

  1. mujer bolsos bandolera adidas originals kaki airliner sport

    een om de kwaliteit van lagers aan te geven is abeceastpak rugzak slines coloursolden adidas superstar goedkoopschoenen heren nike heren groen solid darwin sportschoenen nike darwin

  2. cristiano ronaldo latest cleats on sale off51 discounts

    gucci marmont leather shoulder bag luxurydesignersprada bags prada perfume bagauthentic michael kors berkley python crossbody clutch bagpearl gray silk tie made in italy store

  3. mens cardigans sweaters

    classic stock low pro dad hat blackglitter beret gold pop candy accessoriesspitfire bighead paisley bucket reversible hat blk whtstetson hatteras canvas flat cap

  4. czarna sukienka dla dziewczynki z falbanami dziecko dziewczynka

    sukienka z tiulowymi wstawkami i falbankami przy r臋kawachtaranko 40 l sukienka zielona na lato wiskozasukienka koronka dekolt cm502 czarna sukienki wizytowe cosmosmodasukienka z pr膮偶kowanej tkaniny z golfem i rozporkami po bokach szary

  5. 220 air jordan 12 bulls

    c9 champion mens size 7 8 blue and black cushion lite flip flopsnike free 3.0 v2 mensnike air vapormax plus 2 flyknit womens sneakers rust pink 942843 600 size 12kanye west debut new yeezy sneakers ucla basketball

  6. zonnebrillen dames versace goud outlet factory shop

    gold chain flat top sunglasses women fashion designer oversize black s costbuystoddler red beretray ban aviator camouflage fabric rim wire sunglasses in purple lystlacoste mens aviator sunglasses blue matte 57 mm for sale

  7. trompeta sirena cuello alto corte raso encaje fiesta de c贸ctel evento formal vestido con frontal abierto por ts couture

    das bild wird geladen comma wickelkleid jersey blumenprint gr 38hondrocream ist die schnellste nvsco 2107 etuikleid brokat brokat brokat kleid edel 38 1mal getragen sand hellblaukleider gr枚脽e 48 online kaufenhigh neck blau 2 st眉ck perlen prom homecomin…

  8. nike factory outlet store online

    fjnmmyj,Some really nice stuff on this website, I enjoy it.

  9. nike hyperdunk x low review less means more

    丕賱賷夭丕亘賷孬 賮乇丕賳卮賷 丕亘賵 馗亘賷賲賱丕亘爻 丿丕禺賱賷丞 丿丕賳 賷賱 賲 噩乇 乇賵夭賷賱丕賳賵卮丕賱 賰乇賵卮賷賴 亘睾乇夭丞 丕賱賵乇丿丞 賲賳 丕賷丿賷 賲噩 賲毓 乇噩賷賲賲賵囟丞 噩丿賷丿丞 2019 賳爻丕亍 乇爻賵賱 丨賯丕卅亘 乇禺賷氐丞 丨賯丕卅亘 丕賱賰 賮 丕賱氐睾賷乇丞 丨賯賷亘丞 賰 賮 丕賱賲乇兀丞

  10. Khujo Uomo Giacca Mezza Stagione Marek in nero Giacca 2427JK181200 FEQZWKV

    Club L London SPARKLE WIDE LEG TROUSERS Pantaloni copper Righe Jersey Fascia elastica CLK21A006 G11 DLVFVWW

  11. ecco soft 8 black schuhe ecco damen slipper schwarz soft 8

    falda corta vaquera con bajo deshilachado vencabrides lo que ocurre cuando compras un vestido de novia rid铆culamente barato por internetcartera serpiente color rojo15091 sandalias ibicencas con velcro blanco zapatos y

  12. gucci x champion hoodie m eur 40

    gucci fanny pack for sale with boxthis brands handbags have officially taken over the fashion worldnew in gucci square cat eye sunglassesgucci 3771 s gucci 377 s size 54 col. brown and gold brand new. also available in black gucci accessories glasses

  13. clarks brontowalk inf leather shoes in grey combi womens lace up flats

    nike lebron xiii ep 13 james prism blue lagoon men basketball shoeswholesale price reebok gl 6000 transform tan wwwcheap adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black green for men and womenamazon mens nike lebron soldier xi shoes sz 10.5 olive 897644 200 ebay

  14. converse chevron star proride sk cv ox japan blue japan ox exclusive

    obsession converse showcases collection of dc comics sneakers stylish lifehtm x all star modern high top whiteschoolgirls casual flat sole sneakersdaniel swarovski sunglasses sw 14 havana 52f

  15. Yeezys

    wcbjgojaum,Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It was helpful. Keep on posting!

  16. panda bear walnut wood sunglasses classic black lens bear

    mom deep orange womens t shirt frontnike kids team sideline generics team sideline generics rain jacket red university rednike tech hypermesh windrunner jacket mens for cheap online light crimsonnike youth paris saint germain tee light bone

  17. nike hypervenom phinish sg pro 889255 017

    toddler clothing sites pinterest.comwomens lebron james gym shoeswomens ladies lorette parkawomens low price kobe 9

  18. aldo momo light pink 3d flower oversized crossbody bag

    incredibles 2 teen backpack kidstoreproduct details of baby carrier baby born miracle mesh carryquick view. burberry. watson diaper backpackmohair wrap baby wrap newborn baby wrap photography prop knit mohair blanket

  19. crossbody borsa a tracolla black white

    knitted fabric plain strapless padded bravix swimwear sale clearance online vix swimwear discount up to 69skimpy swimsuits fetch big bucks when featured in sispeedo launch splice endurance cross back swimsuit at free shipping

  20. adidas womens logo tank top performance vest sleeveless

    vans old skool red gum sole85off vans unisex era mte skate shoemens sneakers 90s vintage vans era all over print side tape sneaker skateboard shoes sizethis donedeal ad for a pimped out massey ferguson is absolutely priceless

  21. puma crossfit shoes puma womens

    details nike flyknit max womens running shoeswomen nike lebron 11 terracotta warrior nike freeasics t530n 9030 asics gel noosa trisalomon running shoes bright blue white sense

  22. womens running shoe wide toe box narrow heel on poshmark

    nike kyrie 5 multi color release date 2018 footwear nike basketball kyrie irvingadidas yeezy boost 700 static ef2829 2018jordan brands kawhi leonard on his first nba all star gamereebok athletic 01 reebok athletic 02 reebok athletic 03 copy reebok athl…

  23. Travis Scott Air Jordan 1

    rgzrltYeezy Boost 350,Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to remember of.

  24. dior homme baskets 脿 empi猫cements contrastants beige vert chaussures

    贸culos de sol evoke poncherello classic155 miu miu matelasse black original leather flap walletpromo莽茫o de 贸tica no folheto de 贸tica diniz em niter贸i贸culos de sol masculino colcci garnet 5012

  25. black friday deal alert womens converse chuck taylor all star high

    naomi clark and calvin klein perfectly fit satin sculpt push up bravans sneakers atwood weatherized blacknude jcpenney sandals silver jcpenney necklacebuy vans basketball shoes off40 discounts

  26. thierry lasry boundary sunglasses 192 silver brown men accessories

    cltrnk l 610×610 lace bodysuit black long sleeve tie sexy summer outfits summer summer summer holidays style fashion blavk shirt black cute lace longred black designer indian fashion net evening gownangelina black button up sleep shirt women plusmckenz…

  27. c.r. flamengo fantasy home and away

    details about koala kids baby crabby but cute red white blue infants footie romper sleeperlyst akira spring fling floral romper in white24 nice dresses for 60 year old wedding guest dresses for 60 year old weddingpndodo fashion blue denim jumpsuit off…

  28. converse asylum ox mono black at gios concept

    reebok yourflex trainette 9.0 mt bd4834 compare prices on scroogevans slip on sold out and were limited edition vans pack a depopconverse all star garment dye sneakerscarhartt air max 1 95 by kscustoms sneakers

  29. 写薪芯 褌邪泻懈褏 褋褍屑芯泻 蟹邪褏懈褖邪褦褌褜褋褟 褋锌械褑褨邪谢褜薪懈屑懈 屑械褌邪谢械胁懈屑懈 薪褨卸泻邪屑懈

    屑褍卸褋泻懈械 泻褉芯褋褋芯胁泻懈 reebok insta pump fury og black white 泻褍锌懈褌褜 胁褌褍褎谢褨 卸褨薪芯褔褨 谢褨褌薪褨 zara 谢褜胁褨胁 200 谐褉薪 写芯褕泻邪 芯谐芯谢芯褕械薪褜 obyava泻褍锌懈褌懈 褎褍褌斜芯谢泻邪 卸褨薪芯褔邪 斜褨谢邪 蟹 谢芯谐芯褌懈锌芯屑 winetime 褉邪蟹屑械褉 m 写芯褋褌邪胁泻邪褉芯蟹锌褉芯写邪卸 蟹懈屑芯胁懈褏 泻褍褉褌芯泻. 胁 锌褉芯褎械谢褨 斜褨谢褜褕械1

  30. the nike bruin qs option seekingsimplicity nikes classic tennis sneakers

    vit贸ria rejeita argentino atacante acerta com o bahiat锚nis adidas performance energy cloud v preto compre agorachap茅u estilo panam谩 com corda bijoulux bijuteriasmeu bon茅 lal谩 e lel锚 brinquedos educativos lalaelelebrinquedos

  31. polo ralph lauren ph2155 5003 shiny dark havana glasses

    gorras planas originales lakers en mercado libre m茅xiconike store ropa deportiva av. am茅ricas 759esta tienda en l铆nea dar谩 a los consumidores acceso a lo mejor de nikecamisetas futbol baratas new balance tercera camiseta celtic 2018 2019 verde

  32. watch out branded bags and accessories coming at great discounts

    leather drawstring bucket bag by yves saint laurentvintage rare dark blue adidas sports gym duffle bagstella mccartney women stella mccartney falabella star clutch bag black stella mccartney bags shopdiscounts from the versace collection handbags sale

  33. best amazon padded underwear the best push up bras online

    tiger was debuting new nike tw 14 shoes golf digestadidas adisonic m running shoes blue best price in indianike air max 720 kpu white black ah2924 100 mens casual shoesjordan 12 dark grey review and on foot youtube

  34. while there is a considerable amount of variety in the world of swimwear

    monthly archives october 2017yxiny cappelli con visiera primavera ed estate ms. cappello di paglia elegante visiera moda cappelloalla moda cappelli e passamontagna absorba bambino cuffia e babbucce da neonato in cotone biologico celestelana grossa capp…

  35. off white x nike air max 97 og black cone black white aj4585 001

    brand new puma women s vega ballet shoes30 off on vans sk8 hi 38 reissue high ankle sneakers for men multicolor on flipkartreebok sublite duo flow running shoes bluenike shox oz white red shoes

  36. philadelphia eagles zach ertz official nike black game adult alternate nfl jersey

    chicago bulls shirt michael jordan sweatshirtbest victorias secret pink t shirt. size xs for sale in mortonwe take a look at the best arsenal kits ahead of sundays north london derby between arsenal and tottenhamarsenal jersey 2017

  37. prezzi folli 2018 adidas v jog cmf inf

    jual maurices sport bra floral di lapak oemashop saleanita anita momentum wire free sports brabaomosi 2pack full bust womens seamless wirefree breastfeeding nursing maternity bras bralette black pink mthinx review what to know before you buy period und…

  38. 2018 nouveau sweat kenzo tigre noir homme comment taille kenzo

    hats for cancer hair lossrichardson 115 hatgulf trucker hatmessenger boy hat villagehatshop

  39. womens north face windbreaker sale

    chegaram as novas boinas da autoamericaboina plush oncinha roupas de beb锚 no mercado livre brasilblusa cavada gola alta geom茅trica lizerr么mulher camiseta amaro feminino regata canelada gola alta

  40. armani jeans metal logo pu blue pouch bag accessories

    navy glitter pumps wanelo.cosupreme x louis vuitton x nike air max 1 908375 107converses chuck taylor 2 pinterest.commelo dons all star kicks in win over magic

  41. ubelief kids winter pants boys winter trousers toddler boy winter pants baby boy kids down jacket pants baby down feather pants in pants from mother kids

    best super deals men running shoes nike air max 95 sneakerboot sku 94399 253this summer s end triangle scarf is the perfect way to transition from summer to fall. with bold fall colored yarnbeautoday mules shoes women genuine leather round toe new fash…

  42. casaca barcelona original nike. cargando zoom

    physiocarrier jpmbb coton tablier noir poche iris contre ton coeurdsquared2 pull col roul茅 femme v锚tementsecharpe capuche noir urban classics la redouteafblr col 茅charpe ch芒le 茅charpe 脿 carreaux femme imitation 茅charpe triangle automne et

  43. 賵賰丕賱丞 丕賱乇兀賷 丕賱賮賱爻胤賷賳賷丞 卮乇賰丞 adidas 鬲胤賱賯 賰乇丞 賯丿賲 匕賰賷丞

    丕噩賲賱 賲丕乇賰丕鬲 卮賳胤 賷丿 丕賷胤丕賱賶馃憶丕噩賲賱 賲賵丿賷賱丕鬲 卮賳胤 丨乇賷賲賶 乇賵毓賴馃憸丕丨丿孬 丕卮賰丕賱賮爻鬲丕賳 丕賱丿丕賳鬲賷賱 丕賱賮禺賲 亘丕賱賱賵賳 丕賱爻賰乇賷 亘賯氐丞 毓氐乇賷丞亘丕賯丕鬲 賵 毓乇賵囟 a dsl 賲賳 賮賵丿丕賮賵賳 亘丕賱鬲賮丕氐賷賱 丕賱賰丕賲賱丞bags buy bags products online in 丕賱丕賲丕乇丕鬲 丕賱毓乇亘賷丞 丕賱賲鬲丨丿丞

  44. Jordan 11 Concord

    Appearing at the same She The People forum, Bernie Sanders was heckled by several audience members while he recalled participating in the March on Washington in 1963 and hearing Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech.

  45. prodejn铆 boty kilimanjaro arctic calando iclmcyr 膷ern谩 zimn铆 obuv

    p谩nsk茅 boty nike nike air jordan 2 retro low b铆l茅 ko啪en茅 athletic tr茅ninkov茅 boty nike pro p谩nsk茅 v媒prodejspodn铆 pr谩dlo dim d臎tsk媒 bazar10 najlep拧铆ch zna膷iek elegantnej obuvi. od renomovan媒ch dizajn茅rov a啪 po dvestoro膷n茅 obuvn铆cke es谩 z anglicka001 spo…

  46. lanius damen strickpullover manufactum

    miniatura de perfume importado chlo茅 edt femininochloe poppy 133s 211 oculos de solveja o 1陋 flagra de beijo na boca de larissa manoela e jo茫o guilherme bol v铆deosbolsa michael kors selma navy blue lan莽amento mk r 699

  47. natural face wash anti aging facial cleanser by goodonya. organic ingredients

    babyliss 6609e le pro light hair dryer ba 6609e5 in 1 electric facial pore cleaner natural remedies directthe bellezza wet2dry flat iron on curly hair youtubeexperience ghd straight and smooth spray a lightweight

  48. React Element 87

    When asked about the past social media posts during his introductory news conference on Friday, Bosa apologized for tweeting in the summer of 2016 that Kaepernick was a “clown.”

  49. NFL Jerseys

    Traditionally, both professional and collegiate teams are invited to celebrate with the President at the White House after winning a championship. Under the Trump administration, however, this has not always been the case. Several teams, both collegiat…

  50. diesel just yo t shirt

    8100 jpy edwin 402xv edwin ex402 100 mens tight denim jeans 33 made in japanspectacular sales for diesel t shirtseastpak eastpak bagsbec bridge snake charmer bandage dress look books

  51. cheap lebron james chinadiscount lebron james china

    buy nike roshe flyknit air jordan 1 retro ultra high mens shoeair jordan 10 retro hornets gets a release date sneaker shoutsfive people have been charged in new york with trafficking in counterfeit nike air jordans that if authentic would have been wor…

  52. nike air jordan 6 retro vi maroon og aj6 6s sz 10.5 ebay

    air jordan 6 rings premier motorsports white black jordan sneakers 12 100 top quality. jordan space jam 11 sizesupreme x air jordan t shirt xl sizenike jordan jumpman boys mens lined skull cap beanie hat red fleeceair jordan xxx aj30 blanc jaune bleu c…

  53. air jordan vii olympic aj 7 og available on ebay

    air jordan 11 retro 70 10 yoplugkids hats caps sun hats zalandojordan brand air jordan 10 retro 310805 002 sneakersnstuffbeef over a ap rocky travi scott appear in photo together

  54. boohooman ribbed fisherman beanie in black products pinterest

    light blue neff beanie parchmentnleadgeebro womens beanie hat authentic winter cashmere hats rhinestones hats for female women hat knitted woolmen winter wool ivy flat hat cap with ear warmer flap solid black gray navy g70welcome skateboards talisman b…

  55. heldragt med hat xxxl

    wellcoda vegetariam phrase femme s 2xl sweat 脿 capuchebonobo jeans pull femme 茅toiles dor茅esachat chaussures sweet r femme mulegeox derbies carnaby chaussures homme derbies ventes en ligne

  56. Yeezy

    taxjupbupdl Yeezy,Thanks for this useful information, Really amazing. Thanks again. I LOve your BloG

  57. Yeezy 350

    ruoochbqk,Thanks for sharing this recipe with us!!

  58. Yeezy

    iurjxzp Yeezy Shoes,Thanks a lot for providing us with this recipe of Cranberry Brisket. I’ve been wanting to make this for a long time but I couldn’t find the right recipe. Thanks to your help here, I can now make this dish easily.

  59. Pandora Jewelry

    lvvjcrev,Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and will tmmmcbhrvs,come back from now on. I want to encourage that you continue your great writing, have a nice afte…

  60. justin tucker signed ravens jersey ga coa at pristineauction.com

    germany home shirt world cup 2018 women football shirtsclown lives matter dont shoot the clown awareness t shirtsynthetic upper antony kj n5 morato zip detail polo shirt for men clothing blackboss smart casual children boys pique polo shirt

  61. 2017 the most popular converse chuck taylor classic all star high hi

    men麓s bracelet with crystals swarovski oliver weber beads 67022converse jack purcell maroon ready stock mens fashion footwear sneakers onconverse chuck taylor all star dainty ox w dames wit wit wit converse schoenen 3677men s converse chuck taylor all…

  62. Nike Vapormax Flyknit

    blbfyxl,If you are going for best contents like I do, just go to see this web page daily because it offers quality contents, thanks!

  63. panama jersey world cup 2018 wholesale online

    womens laptop cover bagnike air max tailwind 7 black white mens 683632 001running shoes outfit wanelo.cowomens all black leather slip on sneakers

  64. Yeezy Boost 700

    qxigye,If you are going for best contents like I do, just go to see this web page daily because it offers quality contents, thanks!

  65. Nike Outlet store

    ptpxwjxum,Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to remember of.

  66. Nike Outlet Online

    vwymsedsqwi,Hi there, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It was helpful. Keep on posting!

  67. Yeezy

    znxcejeuq Adidas Yeezy,Thanks for sharing this recipe with us!!

  68. Cheap Nike NBA Jerseys

    lezteuwqmdz,Definitely believe that which you said. Your favourite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to remember of.

  69. Yeezy Boost 350 V2

    ztheri,Some really nice stuff on this website, I enjoy it.

  70. Nike Outlet

    zjfnzkqsin,If you want a hassle free movies downloading then you must need an app like showbox which may provide best ever user friendly interface.

  71. Yeezys

    Game Killer Apk Download Latest Version for Android (No Ad) … Guess not because Game killer full version app is not available on Play store.

  72. Air Max 270

    oglybhftsri,We have a team of experts who could get you the correct settings for Bellsouth net email login through which, you can easily configure your email account with MS Outlook.

  73. Nike Air Zoom Pegasus 35

    qxhzhi,A very good informative article. I’ve bookmarked your website and will be checking back in future!

  74. Balenciaga

    nqqwqpnp,Some really nice stuff on this website, I enjoy it.

  75. jordan 11 concord 2018

    opywxybyfar,Very informative useful, infect very precise and to the point. I’m a student a Business Education and surfing things on Google and found your website and found it very informative.

  76. Nike Pegasus 35

    owohcrhniw,If you have any struggle to download KineMaster for PC just visit this site.

  77. Adidas Yeezys

    fmpajoglijk,If you want a hassle free movies downloading then you must need an app like showbox which may provide best ever user friendly interface.

  78. Nike Air Max 270

    vkzdwi,If you want a hassle free movies downloading then you must need an app like showbox which may provide best ever user friendly interface.

Leave a Comment